2007 Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics
Coronary Heart Disease
- This year about 1.2 million Americans will have a first or recurrent coronary attack. About 452,000 of these people will die. Coronary heart disease is the nation's single leading cause of death.
- About 7.9 million Americans age 20 and older have survived a heart attack (myocardial infarction). About 8.9 million Americans have angina pectoris (chest pain or discomfort due to reduced blood supply to the heart).
Sudden Cardiac Death
- Approximately 325,000 coronary heart disease deaths occur out-of-hospital or in hospital emergency departments annually.
- Each year about 700,000 people suffer a new or recurrent stroke in the United States. Over 150,000 of these people die, making stroke the third leading cause of death.
- About 5.7 million U.S. stroke survivors are alive today, many of them with permanent stroke-related disabilities.
- Women account for about six in 10 stroke deaths.
High Blood Pressure
- Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999- 2004 shows that the estimated prevalence of high blood pressure in adults age 20 and older in the United States is below 72 million.
- Up to 95 percent of high blood pressure cases stem from unknown causes, but the condition is easily detectable and most cases can be controlled with proper treatment. Normal blood pressure in adults is below 120/80 mm Hg. High blood pressure is 140/90 mm Hg or higher.
- An estimated 25.1 million men and 20.9 million women put themselves at increased risk of heart attack and stroke by smoking cigarettes.
High Blood Cholesterol
- About 36.6 million American adults have cholesterol levels of 240 mg/dL or higher - the point at which it becomes a major risk factor for coronary heart disease and stroke. Your total cholesterol should be below 200 mg/dL, and your HDL (good) cholesterol should be 40 mg/dL or higher.
- Data released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention show that 30.1 percent of American adults engage in light-moderate physical activity for at least 30 minutes on five or more days a week, or vigorous physical activity for at least 20 minutes on three or more days a week.
Overweight and Obesity
- About 66 percent of Americans age 20 and older are overweight or obese.
- At least 65 percent of people with diabetes die of some form of heart or blood vessel disease.
Source: American Heart Association